Aggregated news from external sources
I’m glad to announce that Ceph is now part of the mirrors iWeb provides.
It is available in both IPv4 and IPv6 by:
rsync on ceph.mirror.iweb.ca::ceph
The mirror provides 4 Gbps of connectivity and is located on the eastern coast of Canada, more precisely in Montreal, Quebec.
Feel free to give it a try and let me know if you see any problems !
The aim is showing that it is possible to create a low-cost storage, efficient and scalable, using opensource solutions.
In the example below, I am using Ceph for scalability and reliability, combined with EnhanceIO to ensure very good performance.
The idea was to create a storage with two parts: the storage itself (backing store) and a large cache to keep good performance on all data actually used.
In fact, the volume needs may be important, but in the context of use for office, the data really used every day is only a portion of this storage.
In my case, I intend to use Ceph deployed on low-cost hardware to ensure a scalable and reliable conformatble volume, based on small servers with large SATA drives. Data access will be via Samba shares on a slightly more powerful machine with an SAS Array to create a big cache. (Since Firefly, it would be more interesting to use ceph cache tiering)
The material you choose should match the requirements of both performance and cost. To keep prices extremely competitive machines chosen here are based on Supermicro hardware without additional disk controller. Initially, the ceph storage is composed of 5 machines: store-01-02 store, store-03-04 store, store-05. Each node is build with simple CPU Core 2, 4 GB Memory, 1 SSD Drive (Intel 520 60GB) for system and Ceph journal and 3 SATA Drive of 3 TO (Seagate CS 3TB) with no specific Drive controller (Using onbord controller).
The cache must be on the same server as the file server. In my case, I use Dell server with 10 sas drive 10k in Raid10 for the cache.
I do not provide for a specific network, just a gigabit switch with vlan to separate public / private network for Ceph OSD and interface bonding for file server.
The system is currently used everyday since more than one year. And it works perfectly.
Here is some detail of the installation (from what I remember or I noted):
The current configuration is running on Ceph Cuttlefish (v0.61) and Debian Wheezy. (Installation made in June 2013.)
The operating system is installed on the SSD with 3 others partitions for osd journal.
$ apt-get install vim sudo sysstat ntp smartmontools $ vim /etc/default/smartmontools $ vim /etc/smartd.conf
The use of the kernel version 3.12 available in backports seems improve memory footprint on the osd node.
$ echo "deb http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian wheezy-backports main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list $ apt-get install -t wheezy-backports linux-image-3.12-0.bpo.1-amd64
( Based on the official documentation: http://ceph.com/docs/master/start/ )
On each server create a ceph user
$ useradd -d /home/ceph -m ceph $ passwd ceph $ vim [[/etc/hosts]] 192.168.0.1 store-b1-01 192.168.0.2 store-b1-02 192.168.0.3 store-b1-03 192.168.0.4 store-b1-04 192.168.0.5 store-b1-05 $ echo "ceph ALL = (root) NOPASSWD:ALL" | sudo tee /etc/sudoers.d/ceph $ chmod 0440 /etc/sudoers.d/ceph
On store-b1-01 (deployment server)
Create a new key for ssh authentification :
$ ssh-keygen $ cluster="store-b1-01 store-b1-02 store-b1-03 store-b1-04 store-b1-05" $ for i in $cluster; do ssh-copy-id ceph@$i done $ vim /root/.ssh/config Host store* User ceph
Install ceph-deploy and its dependencies
$ wget -q -O- 'https://ceph.com/git/?p=ceph.git;a=blob_plain;f=keys/release.asc' | sudo apt-key add - $ echo deb http://eu.ceph.com/debian-cuttlefish/ $(lsb_release -sc) main | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list $ apt-get update $ apt-get install python-pkg-resources python-setuptools ceph-deploy collectd $ curl http://python-distribute.org/distribute_setup.py | python $ easy_install pushy
Install ceph on cluster
$ ceph-deploy install $cluster $ ceph-deploy new store-b1-01 store-b1-02 store-b1-03 $ vim ceph.conf $ ceph-deploy mon create store-b1-01 store-b1-02 store-b1-03
$ ceph-deploy gatherkeys store-b1-01 $ ceph-deploy osd create \ store-b1-01:/dev/sdb:/dev/sda5 \ store-b1-01:/dev/sdc:/dev/sda6 \ store-b1-01:/dev/sdd:/dev/sda7 \ store-b1-02:/dev/sdb:/dev/sda5 \ store-b1-02:/dev/sdc:/dev/sda6 \ store-b1-02:/dev/sdd:/dev/sda7 \ store-b1-03:/dev/sdb:/dev/sda5 \ store-b1-03:/dev/sdc:/dev/sda6 \ store-b1-03:/dev/sdd:/dev/sda7 \ store-b1-04:/dev/sdb:/dev/sda5 \ store-b1-04:/dev/sdc:/dev/sda6 \ store-b1-04:/dev/sdd:/dev/sda7 \ store-b1-05:/dev/sdb:/dev/sda5 \ store-b1-05:/dev/sdc:/dev/sda6 \ store-b1-05:/dev/sdd:/dev/sda7
Add in fstab:
/dev/sdb1 /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-0 xfs inode64,noatime 0 0 /dev/sdc1 /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-1 xfs inode64,noatime 0 0 /dev/sdd1 /var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-2 xfs inode64,noatime 0 0
One can check that all osd have been created, and check the cluster status :
$ ceph osd tree # id weight type name up/down reweight -1 41.23 root default -8 41.23 datacenter DC1 -7 41.23 rack b1 -2 8.24 host store-b1-01 0 2.65 osd.0 up 1 1 2.65 osd.1 up 1 2 2.65 osd.2 up 1 -3 8.24 host store-b1-02 3 2.65 osd.3 up 1 4 2.65 osd.4 up 1 5 2.65 osd.5 up 1 -4 8.24 host store-b1-03 6 2.65 osd.6 up 1 7 2.65 osd.7 up 1 8 2.65 osd.8 up 1 -5 8.24 host store-b1-04 9 2.65 osd.9 up 1 10 2.65 osd.10 up 1 11 2.65 osd.11 up 1 -6 8.24 host store-b1-05 12 2.65 osd.12 up 1 13 2.65 osd.13 up 1 14 2.65 osd.14 up 1
$ apt-get install ifenslave $ vim /etc/network/interface auto bond0 iface bond0 inet static address 192.168.0.12 netmask 255.255.0.0 gateway 192.168.0.1 slaves eth0 eth1 bond-mode 802.3ad $ echo "alias bond0 bonding options bonding mode=4 miimon=100 lacp_rate=1" > vim /etc/modprobe.d/bonding.conf $ echo "bonding" >> /etc/modules
The kernel version is important for using KRBD. I recommend to use at least kernel 3.10.26 or later.
$ apt-get install debconf-utils dpkg-dev debhelper build-essential kernel-package libncurses5-dev $ cd /usr/src/ $ wget http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.0/linux-3.6.11.tar.bz2 $ tar xjf linux-3.6.11.tar.bz2
Create rbd volume (Format 1) :
$ rbd create datashare/share1 --image-format=1 --size=1048576 $ mkdir /share1 $ echo "/dev/rbd/datashare/share1 /share1 xfs _netdev,barrier=0,nodiratime 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
The choice of cache mechanism is focused on “EnhanceIO” because it allows to enable or disable cache while a source volume is being used. This is particularly useful when we want to resize a volume without interrupting service.
Build EnhanceIO :
$ apt-get install build-essential dkms $ git clone https://github.com/stec-inc/EnhanceIO.git $ cd EnhanceIO/ $ wget http://ftp.de.debian.org/debian/pool/main/e/enhanceio/enhanceio_0+git20130620-3.debian.tar.xz $ tar xJf enhanceio_0+git20130620-3.debian.tar.xz $ dpkg-buildpackage -rfakeroot -b $ dpkg -i ../*.deb
Create cache :
For exemple in write-though :
(/dev/sdb2 is a local partition dedicate for cache)
$ eio_cli create -d /dev/rbd1 -s /dev/sdb2 -p lru -m wt -b 4096 -c share1
If you want to use write-back cache, you can protect the file system to mount before the cache by using a symbolic link in the udev script. ( https://github.com/ksperis/EnhanceIO/commit/954e167fdb580d514747512ce2bd1c9c29a77418 )
$ echo "deb http://ftp.sernet.de/pub/samba/3.6/debian wheezy main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list $ apt-get update $ apt-get install sernet-samba sernet-winbind xfsprogs krb5-user acl attr
Update startup script
$ vim /etc/init.d/samba # Should-Start: slapd cups rbdmap # Should-Stop: slapd cups rbdmap $ insserv -d samba
Configure and join the domain ( https://help.ubuntu.com/community/ActiveDirectoryWinbindHowto )
$ vi /etc/krb5.conf ... $ kinit Administrator@AD.MYDOMAIN.COM $ vim /etc/samba/smb.conf [global] workgroup = MYDOMAIN realm = AD.MYDOMAIN.COM netbios name = MYNAS wins server = 192.168.0.4 server string = %h server dns proxy = no log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m log level = 1 max log size = 1000 syslog = 0 panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d security = ADS winbind separator = + client use spnego = yes winbind use default domain = yes domain master = no local master = no preferred master = no encrypt passwords = true passdb backend = tdbsam obey pam restrictions = yes unix password sync = yes passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* . pam password change = yes idmap uid = 10000-20000 idmap gid = 10000-20000 template shell = /bin/bash template homedir = /share4/home/%D/%U winbind enum groups = yes winbind enum users = yes map acl inherit = yes vfs objects = acl_xattr recycle shadow_copy2 recycle:repository =.recycle/%u recycle:keeptree = yes recycle:exclude = *.tmp recycle:touch = yes shadow:snapdir = .snapshots shadow:sort = desc ea support = yes map hidden = no map system = no map archive = no map readonly = no store dos attributes = yes load printers = no printing=bsd printcap name = /dev/null disable spoolss = yes guest account = invité map to guest = bad user $================================================================ [share0] comment = My first share path = /share0 writable = yes valid users = @"MYDOMAIN+Domain Admins" "MYDOMAIN+laurent" [share1] comment = Other share path = /share1 writable = yes valid users = @"MYDOMAIN+Domain Admins" "MYDOMAIN+laurent" .... $ /etc/init.d/samba restart $ net join -U Administrator $ wbinfo -u $ wbinfo -g $ vi /etc/nsswitch.conf passwd: compat winbind group: compat winbind
Using this script :
Fisrt, create rbd timemachine and mount to /mnt/timemachine with noatime and uquota if you want to use per user quota (Do not add to the autosnap script.)
$ apt-get install avahi-daemon avahi-utils $ vim /etc/avahi/services/smb.service <?xml version="1.0" standalone='no'?> <!DOCTYPE service-group SYSTEM "avahi-service.dtd"> <service-group> <name replace-wildcards="yes">%h (File Server)</name> <service> <type>_smb._tcp</type> <port>445</port> </service> <service> <type>_device-info._tcp</type> <port>0</port> <txt-record>model=RackMac</txt-record> </service> </service-group> $ vim /etc/avahi/services/timemachine.service <?xml version="1.0" standalone="no"?> <!DOCTYPE service-group SYSTEM "avahi-service.dtd"> <service-group> <name replace-wildcards="yes">%h (Time Machine)</name> <service> <type>_afpovertcp._tcp</type> <port>548</port> </service> <service> <type>_device-info._tcp</type> <port>0</port> <txt-record>model=TimeCapsule</txt-record> </service> <service> <type>_adisk._tcp</type> <port>9</port> <txt-record>sys=waMA=00:1d:09:63:87:e0,adVF=0x100</txt-record> <txt-record>dk0=adVF=0x83,adVN=TimeMachine</txt-record> </service> </service-group>
Install netatalk and configure like this :
$ apt-get install netatalk $ vim /etc/netatalk/afpd.conf - -tcp -noddp -nozeroconf -uamlist uams_dhx.so,uams_dhx2.so -nosavepassword -setuplog "default log_info /var/log/afpd.log" $ vim /etc/netatalk/AppleVolumes.default (Remove home directory + Add :) /mnt/timemachine/ "TimeMachine" cnidscheme:dbd options:usedots,upriv,tm allow:@"MYDOMAIN+Domain Users" $ vim /etc/pam.d/netatalk auth required pam_winbind.so account required pam_winbind.so session required pam_unix.so
Setting quota for a user : (Do not use soft limits, because it will not be recognized by timemachine.)
$ xfs_quota -x -c 'limit bhard=1024g user1' /mnt/timemachine
( For sequential IO, bandwidth is limited by the network card on the client side. )
Twitter || Facebook || Google+ || Lists/IRC Voting for submissions is well underway for the next OpenStack summit, and this one is shaping up to be another great place to talk about Ceph. Almost fifty talks are currently available for voting on the OpenStack site! Ceph has been steadily gaining popularity in the OpenStack world, …Read more
The Call for Speakers period for the OpenStack Summit from 03. – 07.11.2014 in Paris ended this week. Now the voting for the submitted talks started and ends at 11:59pm CDT on August 6. (6:59 am CEST on 7. August).I’ve submitted a talk to the stor…
In a Ceph cluster with low bandwidth, the root disk of an OpenStack instance became extremely slow during days. When an OSD is scrubbing a placement group, it has a significant impact on performances and this is expected, for a … Continue reading →
For more than a year, Ceph has become increasingly popular and saw several deployments inside and outside OpenStack. For those of you who do not know Ceph is unified, distributed and massively scalable open source storage technology that provides several ways to access and consume your data such as object, block and filesystem. The community and Ceph itself has greatly… Read more →
Another Ceph development release! This has been a longer cycle, so there has been quite a bit of bug fixing and stabilization in this round. There is also a bunch of packaging fixes for RPM distros (RHEL/CentOS, Fedora, and SUSE) and for systemd. We’ve also added a new librados-striper library from Sebastien Ponce that provides …Read more
This release fixes a few important bugs in the radosgw and fixes several packaging and environment issues, including OSD log rotation, systemd environments, and daemon restarts on upgrade. We recommend that all v0.80.x Firefly users upgrade, particularly if they are using upstart, systemd, or radosgw. NOTABLE CHANGES ceph-dencoder: do not needlessly link to librgw, librados, …Read more
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OSCON has arrived (although if you came in for the Ceph tutorial session that’s old news to you)! As a part of our participation in OSCON, and as a way to celebrate the fact that Ceph turned 10 years old this year, we have decided to have our party be a distributed one. We would …Read more
Ceph is coming back to OSCON next week (July 20-24 in Portland, OR). The difference however, is that this year we need two digits to tell people how old we are. Stop by for some mild festivities at the Ceph booth (P2) as we share cupcakes, and t-shirts that salute the hard work of all …Read more
Today, we’re proud to announce the availability of Red Hat’s Inktank Ceph Enterprise 1.2, a solution based on the Firefly release from the Ceph community. This latest version brings some major new features to enterprises – ones we believe will both further cement Ceph’s position as a leading storage solution for OpenStack infrastructure while promoting […]